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Books of the bible: Pentateuch (Read 5001 times)
Gerrit-Jan Linker
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Books of the bible: Pentateuch
28.12.11 at 16:19:45
Books of the bible: Pentateuch
Pentateuch - The Five Books of Moses - Torah: (Original language Hebrew)
Jewish Bible: Torah consists of a written and an oral part, a traditional interpretation handed from generation to generation. Both were revealed to Moses as Mount Sinai.  
Modern scholars think its writing involved multiple authors and date it back to around 400 BCE. The writers included several older texts that date back to 900 BCE.
Further information:

  • Genesis
    God creates the world and appoints man as his regent.
    Man proves disobedient and God destroys his world through the Flood.  
    The new post-Flood world is equally corrupt.
    God calls Abraham, to be the seed of the salvation of the world.
    Abraham descends from his home into the land of Canaan, given to him by God.
    Children of Israel (the new name of Jacob, grandson of Abraham) descend into Egypt.
    Genesis ends with Israel in Egypt, ready for the coming of Moses and the Exodus.
    Further information:
  • Exodus
    The children of Israel leave slavery in Egypt through the strength of Yahweh (=God's name).
    Led by their prophet Moses they journey to Mount Sinai.
    Yahweh promises them the land of Canaan (the "Promised Land").
    Israel enters into a covenant with Yahweh.
    Further information:
    Exodus 25 details the construction of a portable sanctuary and in Leviticus the details are given about the procedures around the offerings. The portable sanctuary was later replaced by the first temple at 957 BCE by king Solomon. It was destroyed by the Babilonians in 586 BCE. According to the book of Ezra the temple was reconstructed (the second temple) in 538 BCE. The second temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE suring the siege of Jeruzalem.
  • Leviticus
    Leviticus rests on two crucial beliefs:  
    1. The world was created "very good" and retains the capacity to achieve that state although it is vulnerable to sin and defilement
    2. The faithful enactment of ritual makes God's presence available, while ignoring or breaching it compromises the harmony between God and the world.
    Laws on sacrifice
    Institution of the priesthood
    Uncleanliness and its treatment
    Prescriptions for practical holiness
    Further information:
  • Numbers [Numeri (NL)]
    God has taken up residence among the Isrealites.  
    The task before them is to take possession of the Promised Land.  
    Despite God's presence and his priests, Israel lacks faith and the possession of the land is left to a new generation.
    The book ends with the new generation of Israelites in the plain of Moab ready for the crossing of the Jordan River.
    Further information:
  • Deuteronomy [Deuteronomium NL)]
    The book consists of three sermons or speeches delivered to the Israelites by Moses on the plains of Moab, shortly before they enter the Promised Land.  
    Sermon 1: recapitulates the 40 years which have led to this moment, and ends with an exhortation to observe the law (or teachings).
    Sermon 2: reminds the Israelites of the need for exclusive allegiance to one God and observance of the laws he has given them, on which their possession of the land depends.
    Sermon 3: Offers the comfort that even should Israel prove unfaithful and so lose the land, with repentance all can be restored.
    Further information:
    Deuteronomy 4:31: the first mention of the God of love.
    Deuteronomy 30:15-18: choice between life and death. Comment: what about respecting the views of others?

See also:
The books of the bible (top)
Other books of the bible:
  • Historical books
  • Wisdom books
  • Major prophets
  • Minor prophets
  • Biblical apocrypha [Deuterocanonieke boeken (NL)]
  • New Testament
  • Back to top
    « Last Edit: 04.02.12 at 19:41:48 by Gerrit-Jan Linker »  

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