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Atomic radius (Read 2509 times)
Gerrit-Jan Linker
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Atomic radius
11.04.10 at 11:33:53
Atomic radius
The atomic radius is a measure of the size of an atom. The atomic radius can be defined in several ways, each may be useful for a specific purpose or can be measured in a certain way.

  • Van der Waals radius:  
    Half the minimum distance between the nuclei of two atoms of the element that are not bound. There is no covalent bond in this situation, just weak interactions, hence v/d Waals radius.
  • Ionic radius:  
    the nominal radius of the ions of an element in a specific ionization state, deduced from the spacing of atomic nuclei in cyrstalline salts that include that ion. In principle, the spacing between two adjacent oppositely charged ions (the length of the ionic bond between them) should equal the sum of their ionic radii.
  • Covalent radius:  
    the nominal radius of the atoms of an element when covalently bound to other atoms, as deduced the separation between the atomic nuclei in molecules. In principle, the distance between two atoms that are bound to each other in a molecule (the length of that covalent bond) should equal the sum of their covalent radii.
  • Metallic radius:  
    the nominal radius of atoms of an element when joined to other atoms by metallic bonds.
  • Bohr radius:  
    the radius of the lowest-energy electron orbit predicted by Bohr model of the atom. It is only applicable to atoms and ions with a single electron, such as hydrogen, singly-ionized helium, and positronium.  

Atomic Radius - Wikipedia
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« Last Edit: 14.04.10 at 08:25:41 by Gerrit-Jan Linker »  

Gerrit-Jan Linker
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